Italy is a peninsula. It is surrounded by the sea on all sides except the north side. Northern Italy is separated from France, Switzerland and Austria by the Alps, a mountain range. Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco in Italian or White Mountain in English), the highest mountain in Western Europe, is in this chain. The second most important mountain range in Italy is the Apennines (Italian: Appennini), which lies in central and southern Italy.
The Po is the longest river in Italy. It flows through five cities: Turin, Piacenza, Cremona and Ferrara. The Tiber flows through the city of Rome.
Northern Italy has some of the largest lakes in the country, such as Lake Garda, Lake Como, Lake Maggiore and Lake Iseo. Surrounded by the sea, Italy has a very long coastline that attracts tourists from all over the world. Tourists also come to see Italy’s historical places.
The country has a number of islands, the largest of which are Sicily and Sardinia, which can be reached by sea or plane. Italy shares a maritime border with Libya to the south.